More updates! June-July 2018

More exciting news from the First Division Museum’s Liberty truck! Some amazing progress has been made in just the last 3 months. Some very important parts have finally been tracked down and/or fabricated to include a set of rear bumper brackets, and the magneto coupling bracket. We’ve still got a few items to find that I have been chasing down for many months. Strange that no one seems to hold on to Acetylene Gas light generators over a century after they were a viable lighting source…a fuel transfer pump has also continued to elude us as very few of the existing Liberty trucks have them intact. The ones that we have managed to find that have the pumps tend to be behind glass or out of our reach- a fact that the National Museum of the Marine Corps made abundantly clear to our restorer Tom Bailey in Virginia back in January. In the meantime, we are growing increasingly excited about finally having our truck back!

The Truck Body Part 2: Steel Boogaloo

The mysterious steel cargo body: The Class-B Standardized 3-ton ‘Liberty Truck’ was assembled by several factories throughout the Midwestern United States, and built from parts made by well-over 150 companies. Some of those companies made the cargo body for the truck, and fewer made a steel-sided version. But with little to no photos showing them on the truck the question that begs to be asked is, well, what happened?

EDIT. Cargo bed bodies for 'Class B 2 M' being packed for shipment, E.G. Budd Mfg. Co., Philadelphia, PA. October 5th, 1918
Fig.1- Rigid steel cargo bodies being finished at the Edward G. Budd Manufacturing Co., Philadelphia on October 5th, 1918. Note the wooden floors of the bodies. (photo courtesy of the national archives)

To begin with, we know very little about the steel Class-B cargo bodies; we know they existed and were manufactured in mass quantities along side the wooden standard body, but little more is known as to their purpose or use. Many of the photos found in the National Archives state the bodies as being produced for ‘Class-B standardized trucks’, so the assumption is that they were intended for use with the Liberty as well as other 3-5-ton trucks. The exact introduction date of steel-sided cargo bodies is unknown at this time. They are believed to have been introduced early in 1918 following the beginning of full-scale Standard-B production. They were more than likely introduced after the wooden body and remained the lesser produced of the two body types given the need for steel in other areas of industry.

Steel and Wood bodies side by side produced by J.G. Brill Co., Philadelphia- CROPPED
Side by side comparison of steel (Left) and standard wooden cargo bodies produced by J.G.Brill & Co. of Philadelphia ca.1918 There are some small differences in Brill’s steel body as opposed to the E.G. Budd body. The one shown above seems to copy the form and design of the wooden body much closer. The tool boxes are also steel.

Seeing the use of other trucks like the Four Wheel Drive (FWD) and Nash Quads, we know that steel cargo bodies were preferred within the Army for the transport of munitions and other heavy but sensitive items so it is possible that this was the intended purpose which would’ve made the Class-B Liberty more versatile. No examples of the steel body remain in existence today so far as we have been able to tell. E.G. Budd Manufacturing Co., and J.G. Brill & Co. (both from Philadelphia) produced the steel bodies beginning in mid-1918 to the end of production in 1919. Budd is known to have produced both what appears to be a rigid non-folding style of body (fig.1) as well as a ‘collapsible’ all-steel design to aid in break-down for shipment of the trucks overseas (fig.3).

Cargo bed all steel collapsing model completed on non-military truck, E.G. Budd Mfg. Co., Philadelphia, PA. May 29, 1918- CROPPED
Fig.3- E.G. Budd collapsing model cargo body pictured on a test vehicle. Intended for the Liberty and other types of 3-ton capacity trucks, this body differed from the standard non-collapsible steel-sided wood floor model also produced by Budd and others. The photograph states this is a “new design of all-steel collapsible class-B truck body. This body has been made so that the sides can be folded down to make it easier for overseas shipment. In this manner the truck will take up less space, and it is an easy matter to set the sides up, thus forming a strong steel body.” (photo courtesy of National Archives)

At this time we know little about the steel cargo body- we know they were made, and we know they were intended for Class-B standardized use. If any made it onto Liberties or to Europe is unknown, but I felt it was an interesting tidbit of info related to the liberty that I felt compelled to share. Having been produced alongside the wooden body at the same time the intent is clear. The implementation however, is far less certain.

 

Edit as of 12 July, 2018:

The LeMay/Marymount Family Automobile Collection reached out to us following the release of this post and has been very helpful in providing us photos of their own unrestored Liberty truck (one of two non-running examples within the collection) with an entirely intact E.G.Budd manufactured steel cargo body. To my knowledge this is one of the only surviving examples of an E.G.Budd body much less one which is still attached to a Liberty truck specifically. While it was most likely a post-war modification, it is wonderful evidence of use of the steel cargo bed with the truck. However, we have still yet to discover any evidence of trucks leaving the factory with steel bodies attached making the Steel Cargo body still a bit of an enigma and certainly nowhere near as prevalent as the standard wooden body. We would like to thank Dave Gaddis for providing Photos Courtesy of the LeMay Family Collection near Tacoma, WA.